Aug 10, 2019
Modern medicine has brought many revolutionary methods to save many endangered lives, and we seem to have become accustomed to it. However, if we look back on ancient times, we will realize how happy we are now. Because at that time, even if death could not be accurately confirmed, this is incredible to modern people, but it was a very common thing in the past.
In some Victorian horror novels, there are many grotesque and unexplained stories. And it mentions the plot of alive.
Because of the development and simplification of medical science at that time, people may have misjudged that people who are in a state of suspended animation have actually died. So I put the patient in the coffin and buried it underground. After a period of time, the suspended person may wake up, but find that he is already in the dark, damp and narrow coffin, and imagine how desperate this situation will be. Thus, the safety coffin came into being.
In fact, history is full of cases of premature burial of living people, many dying patients will be declared dead, and then live in the dark closed coffin. Only a few lucky ones will be saved. Most people experience a terrible second death before they die.
Taphophobia: fear of alive
"What if I wake up in the grave!" This is Juliet's line in Shakespeare's plays, and this sitcom perfectly reflects a very real fear of being buried alive. Before modern medicine emerged, people could not do anything about this fear.
This fear has a special scientific term, Taphophobia, which means being afraid to be living in a grave. It turns out that this fear is not groundless. Especially in the centuries after the Middle Ages, many accidents that caused death were reported.
These accidents add more horror to taphophobia. At that time, some public figures publicly stated that they were afraid of being buried too early. This included Andersen, asking people to cut his veins after his death. President Washington, chemist Nobel, and pianist and composer Chopin, all asked to cut their hearts after death to make sure they were truly dead.
In Western countries, Immurement, entombment, and vivisepulture all mean premature burial. Living alive is a very cruel and terrible way of dying. In addition to some accidents, history tells us that alive burial is also a way of performing death in many cultures around the world, such as the Burning of Books and Confucianism during the reign of the Qin Dynasty.
Even if it is misjudged, the number of people buried alive is still very alarming. In 1799, Germany's Henrich Kppen claimed that as many as one-third of patients were buried alive in Europe due to a false death.
Of course, this number was constantly changed by future generations until John Stern claimed in 1817 that perhaps only one of the 1,000 patients was prematurely admitted to the grave.
But for whatever reason, being buried prematurely is by far one of the worst ways to deal with the body of a patient. Patients who wake up in the coffin will become extremely panicked and will gradually die from dehydration and slow suffocation. As reports of such accidental burial incidents continued to increase, there was widespread concern about this issue during the 18th and 19th centuries.
In many literary works, we can see people's concerns about this terrorist incident. People have made up all kinds of true and false rumors from various fictional plots. In order to cope with this kind of fear, some people have seen the business opportunity to invent various devices to avoid this, and the safety coffin is one of them.
Rebirth in the coffin
Some of the earliest safety measures for premature burial date back to the mid-18th century, when people placed slabs on the coffin. If there is a sign of life in the coffin, the person's breathing will cause the interior of the glass to fog, thus providing clues to anyone passing through the grave. Over time, safety coffins have been designed to become more sophisticated, all in order to not miss any best time to save people's lives, and to send a message of help to people on the ground.
The earliest documented case of the use of safe coffins came from the order of the funeral of Prince Bruneid, the death of Prince Brunswick in January 1792. The design of his safety coffin is very delicate, including a small window, an air tube and a special lock mounted inside the coffin that can be unlocked by a key in the pocket of the deceased. But there is no doubt that the late prince did not have the opportunity to use this key.
In the next few decades, security coffins have more novel features, and almost all designs contain ringtone elements. Install a bell on the ground and connect it to the inside of the coffin with a rope. The designer hopes to give the burial person a chance to send a distress signal so that the night gravekeeper knows that the deceased has not really died.
This seemingly simple method has fatal flaws. First of all, the external disturbance factor is not considered, because the corpse inside the coffin will cause the displacement of the body part due to decay and the bell will vibrate, resulting in many oolong events.
In the 19th century, several designers stood out to compete for the most creative funeral title, which made the grave building more complicated and expensive. In 1822, the German doctor Adolf Gusmus had personally experienced the experience of being buried alive and demonstrating how his invention survived while he was buried alive.
Gusmus spent several hours in the underground coffin and even had a hearty lunch in the coffin. The coffin has a plumbing device for conveying food, and the ventilating device also has a device for sending a distress signal. This experiment undoubtedly dispels concerns among those who are suspicious.
But not all safety coffins are designed to be effective. A Paris lawyer named Carmis promoted a safety coffin to his clients, which was designed by the Tsar's butler.
According to Camis, this coffin is a device that can solve the uncertainty of death once and for all, and shows it in front of the public. A young assistant was buried alive in this safety coffin, but failed because of the failure of the signal system. The young assistant almost did not escape death.
In the next few decades, safety coffins have never really stopped generating new ideas, and patents on safety coffins are always emerging. The concept of safety coffins was also brought to modern times. At the end of the 20th century, these patents included walkie-talkie systems, alarms, heart monitors and breathing aids.
Ringtone from death
The history of safe coffins appears at all levels of society, which gives the public a lot of slang related to safety coffins.
"Dead Ringer", a very popular expression in the English-speaking world, is used to represent anything "completely the same."
The slogan "saved by the bell" is considered by many to be the iconic bell mechanism from the safety coffin to save the lives of those who were buried too early. But in fact, some people say that this expression originated from boxing, meaning that those boxers who are at a disadvantage, when the opponent slams the clock before they knock them down, they can have a moment to breathe and stay on the field until the next game. Start. Which statement do you think is more appropriate?
William Tebow and London Prevention of Early Funeral Association
In the past, the topic of premature burial and safety coffins was so common that there were some strange organizations and individuals associated with them. One of the important figures is William Teb, a British businessman and social reformer. Born in 1830, he devoted his life to several very important sports such as the Vegetarian Association, the Royal Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals and the National Association of Dog Defense.
However, in the late years of Tebow, he created a rather strange organization, London to prevent early burial associations. He led many related campaigns and made many struggles for funeral reforms to ensure that buriers can die 100%.
In 1905, Teb announced his collection of premature burial cases and summed up some striking figures: 219 suspected premature burial, 149 cases were actually prematurely buried, 10 were living anatomy, and 2 were undergoing corpse preservation. When I wake up. His efforts for safe coffins and premature burial further promote the use of safety coffins.
Before the rise of modern medicine, the safety coffin was a true disclosure of the corner of social reality, and it was also the effort of man to save the undead. Imagine that you woke up in a coffin a few meters deep from the ground, and you might understand why the safety coffin was so popular at the time.
Of course, now we will not have the opportunity to experience this safety coffin, after all, the current cremation can guarantee 100% death.