Nov 17, 2017
How to practice for the burial of the dead, the world is not the same, but the concept of convergence, that is the pursuit of saving, green, recover the original simplicity. The so-called "different customs, the same concept of ecological burial.".
Iceland: limit coffin size, screw environmental protection
As a country paying attention to environmental protection, Iceland has a very detailed environmental protection regulations for funeral, and it is extremely strict in saving land, especially the material restrictions of burial materials, and even screws to the coffin.
Iceland's Ministry of the interior for coffins, urns, burial and cremation made with the standard requirements, the coffin length not exceeding 230 cm, height of not more than 80 cm, width not exceeding 100 cm. The main material of the coffin must be wood, cardboard or MDF and other non waterproof materials, so that it can be decomposed in the soil of the cemetery, and can not contain substances that hinder the degradation of natural, the whole coffin metal content shall not exceed 200 grams. And buried the coffin must be kept closed using adhesive, adhesive, coffin handle, decoration, paint the coffin and the coffin must use biodegradable materials, even on the coffin cover all the screws must be made of degradable plastics, may not add zinc, copper and other metal decoration. No stone, mineral wool, plastic or other products should be placed in the
Australia: ecological incineration GPS positioning burial site
Due to the aging of the population and the funeral of demand for land increases, Australia with much land and few people have now "graveyard shortage" phenomenon. The shortage of funeral land has become one of the urgent problems to be solved by the Australian government.
Australia calls for green burials, also known as ecological funerals. The biggest difference between the funeral and the traditional burial is that the body is not preserved with chemicals, and the clothes and coffins used by the deceased when they are buried are made of biodegradable materials. So after burial, the coffin and the deceased clothes will be digested by the soil, so as to eliminate the chemical and clothing pollution to the soil and groundwater.
In addition, ecological funeral will adopt "ecological incineration" to meet the religious or national customs, that is, the body has been chemically treated into biodegradable ashes, embedded in the ground, which effectively reduces the carbon emissions of cremation.
In the ecological funeral, the traditional tombstone can also be chosen. People put a global positioning system (GPS) launcher at the burial site. When the relatives of the deceased arrive each time, they can use the hand-held satellite positioning system to determine the burial location.
Brazil: family burial cemetery environmental assessment
Brazil due to the lack of land, Brazil is the family burial tomb tomb. A family bought the cemetery, the whole family can enjoy, the use of the depth of the coffin, does not increase the area.
In 2003, Brazil issued a special law for cemeteries, which stipulated that all cemeteries must have environmental protection certificates. At that time, this law was only valid for the cemetery built after 2003, and the effective scope of the law extended to all cemeteries until 2008.
The first is the site of the cemetery, which stipulates that no cemetery should be allowed in the nature reserve; no cemetery is allowed to be built in some reclaimed forest areas, underground rivers, and drinking water sources for residents.
In order to obtain the environmental permit for the construction of cemeteries, a plan should be provided, including how many plants and monuments are in the cemetery, and a plan to slow down and control environmental pollution.
The law, the deepest pit from underground aquifers at least 1.5 meters; good ventilation equipment to the grave, which decay after degradation in good condition; the coffin to use to prevent liquid outflow of material, plastic, paint, does not contain heavy metals or other harmful substances to the environment.
If the existing cemetery does not meet the environmental standards, it must be corrected or closed within 180 days. The closed cemetery land can only be built public facilities, such as park green space or public fitness area.
Japan: with outsiders buried card automatic delivery remains
The purchase of the cemetery in Japan is the need for a successor, and with the small family instead of a large family has become the mainstream, some people even can not find the heir or entrust the cemetery, is already existing family tomb for fewer children face the unsustainable situation. In this case, the demand for modern demand of the bone hall more and more popular.
Kostnice is a storage of the remains of the indoor facilities, like supermarket bag storage cabinets, storage tanks are loaded into the remains of such a grid. In the modern high-tech kostnice, being door card, store the remains of jar will automatically be transported to the front of the grave. Because it saves space and doesn't need tombstone, it costs less.
With no blood and marriage burial, are quite distinctive form of funeral in japan. People who want to be buried in the same graveyard with others will form a membership organization and communicate with each other before they are alive. Members after death buried in the common cemetery, the remaining members mourn the dead. Most of the cemetery would be held in common law ullambana. The common cemetery in general can accommodate more than 100 copies of the remains, some even can accommodate tens of thousands of bones.
In addition to minimizing the use of funeral sites, ecological and environmental protection is also a key issue in the service of Japan's funeral industry in recent years. Many funeral service companies in Japan began to offer "family burial" service. The so-called family burial, that is, funeral only close relatives to participate in, refused to close relatives outside the condolences guests. The funeral was small, with fewer participants and less material and energy than traditional funerals.