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Ecological Funeral: Iceland Screw Is Biodegradable, Japan And Outsiders Are Buried Together

Jan 09, 2021

Iceland: Limiting the size of coffins and screws are also environmentally friendly

As a country that pays attention to environmental protection, Iceland has very detailed environmental protection regulations for funerals. The requirements for saving land, especially the material restrictions of burial goods, are extremely strict, even specific to the screws on the coffin.


The Icelandic Ministry of the Interior has formulated detailed standards for coffins, urns, burials and cremations, requiring that the length of coffins not exceed 230 cm, the height not exceed 80 cm, and the width not exceed 100 cm. The main material of the coffin must use non-waterproof materials such as wood, cardboard or medium-density fiberboard, so that it can decompose in the soil of the cemetery, and cannot contain substances that hinder natural degradation. The metal content of the entire coffin must not exceed 200 grams. Even all the screws on the coffin cover must be made of biodegradable plastic, and no metal decoration such as zinc or copper should be added. Stones, mineral wool, plastics and other products shall not be placed in the coffin.


Australia: Ecological incineration GPS positioning

Australia advocates green funerals, also known as ecological funerals. The biggest difference between this kind of funeral and traditional tombs is that the corpse is not preserved with chemicals, and the clothes and coffins worn by the deceased are made of biodegradable materials. In addition, in order to meet religious or ethnic customs, ecological funerals will use "ecological incineration", that is, the corpse is chemically treated and turned into degradable ashes, which is buried in the ground, effectively reducing the carbon emissions of cremation.


In ecological funerals, you can also choose to cancel the traditional tombstones, and people put a global positioning system (GPS) transmitter in the burial site. The relatives of the deceased can use the handheld satellite positioning system to determine the burial location every time they come.


Brazil: Family Burial, Environmental Assessment of Cemetery

In 2003, Brazil issued a law specifically for cemeteries, stipulating that all cemeteries must have environmental protection certificates. At that time, this law was only valid for cemeteries built after 2003, and by 2008 the scope of the law was extended to all cemeteries.


The law stipulates that the deepest pit must be at least 1.5 meters away from the underground aquifer; there must be good ventilation equipment in the pit to ensure that the corpse has good degradation conditions after decay; the coffin must use materials that prevent liquid outflow, and must not contain plastic, paint, and heavy metals. Or other substances harmful to the environment.


If an existing cemetery does not meet environmental protection standards, it must be rectified or closed within 180 days. Only public facilities, such as parks or public fitness areas, can be built on the closed cemetery land.


Japan: Burial with outsiders, swipe card to transport the remains

Buying a cemetery in Japan requires an heir, and as small families replace large families to become the mainstream, some people can't even find an heir who can entrust the cemetery, or the existing family tombs are facing unsustainable situation due to declining children. Under such circumstances, Nagutang, which is adapted to the needs of modern people, has become more and more popular.


Nagutang is an indoor facility for storing bones. It is similar to a storage cabinet in a supermarket. When a tomb sweeper enters the door and swipes his card, the jar for storing the remains will be automatically transported to the grave sweeper.


Burial with people without blood or marriage is a characteristic of Japanese funerals. Those who are willing to be buried in the same cemetery with others will form a membership organization to communicate with each other and deepen their understanding before death. Members were buried in a common cemetery after their deaths, and the remaining members mourned the dead. Most of these cemeteries also hold common memorial services on the Bon Festival. Common cemeteries can generally hold more than 100 remains, and some can even hold tens of thousands of remains.


Many funeral service companies in Japan have begun to provide "family funeral" services, that is, only close relatives attend the funeral, and guests other than close relatives who come to mourn are declined. This kind of funeral is small in scale, the number of participants is small, and the materials and energy consumed are naturally much less than traditional funerals.


Singapore: Concise funerals, sea funerals become a new trend

Due to the small size of the country and limited land resources, the Singapore government advocates adopting funeral measures that change customs.


If a relative dies in a local home, many families will hold concise funerals near their homes, such as the downstairs of HDBs, nearby parking lots, etc., publish obituaries in the local media, send their grief and notify people who knew the deceased but could not be contacted for a while .


According to the staff of Singapore funeral homes, as people’s concepts change, the number of people who contact funeral homes for traditional funerals has decreased a lot, and the number of people consulting or handling sea burials has increased rapidly. The sea burial ceremony is relatively simple. The family of the deceased can be held the next day after receiving the ashes. Usually, renting a boat with a capacity of 10 people can meet the needs of most families. The "sea burial+" sea burial system allows the ashes to sink vertically to fix the sea burial site chosen by the deceased during his lifetime; the "@sea" design project uses the global satellite positioning system and Bluetooth function to track the sea burial site of the deceased, exploring the possibility of providing a virtual sea burial site .